Validation & Compliance with 21CFR11 - Page 2

What software features must be included?
Page II of III


What software features are necessary to be 21 CFR Part 11 compliant?


Security

Audit Trails
An audit trail shall be implemented that allows a means to reconstruct data modification.

The audit trail shall include: the name of the user that made the entry, what was changed (not obscuring the original value), the date and time of change and the reason for change.

Electronic Signatures/Digital Signatures
If electronic signatures will be used, they must include the following:

  1. Name of signer
  2. Time and Date of signature
  3. Meaning of signature

Note: An electronic signature consists of two components: id code (username) and password.  This is different than the initial login to the software. 

Reporting

Users must have the ability to obtain meaningful data from the software.

Software Workflow
The software shall be designed in such a way that a logical process workflow is incorporated (i.e. you are unable to approve until all required pieces are completed).

Record Protection
Data must be backed up on a regular basis

Standard Operating Procedures

  1. Standard Operating Procedures ensure the consistent use of the software
  2. Procedures should be developed on how the software will be used for a specific task
  3. Procedures shall also be developed for administrative functions of the software: how to add users, etc.
  4. Procedures should also be developed for activities that happen outside of the software in order to ensure the most accurate data

Training
Training should be documented to verify that only trained individuals are using the software.

Validation
A quality validation methodology shall be used to ensure the system (software, people, etc) is performing as intended.  It is important to understand that you are validating a SYSTEM and not just the software.

illustration 21cfr11

 

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