INSIDE THE UNIVERSITY
Clinical Trial Core
Data Management and Analysis Core
Community Engagement Core
Education & Training
Education & Training Overview
Stroke Prevention Fellowship
Vascular Neurology Fellowship
Investigator Initiated & Sponsored Work
Lone Star Stroke Research Consortium
Clinical Stroke Services
Screen Reader Accessible "7 Ways to Prevent Stroke"
7 Ways to Prevent Stroke
Download the pdf
Maintain a blood pressure of less than 130/80.
Avoid high cholesterol foods.
Reduce your sodium intake; aim for 1,500mg a day.
Lose weight and keep your body mass index (BMI) below 25.
Increase exercise with fun activities like playing tennis and make them part of your daily life.
Limit calories to 1,500-2,000 a day (depending on activity level and BMI).
Eat 4-5 cups of fruits and vegetables daily, 1 serving of fish 2-3 times/week, and several daily servings of whole grains and low-fat dairy.
Exercise moderately at least five days a week.
Aim for 30 minutes of activity a day.
When exercising, reach a level at which you're breathing hard but can still talk.
Opt for the stairs instead of an elevator when possible.
Limit your alcohol intake.
Drink in moderation—have no more than one glass of alcohol a day.
Make red wine your first choice; it contains resveratrol, which may help protect the heart and brain.
Treat an irregular heartbeat.
Visit your doctor if you have symptoms such as heart palpitations or shortness of breath.
Take medications as prescribed by your doctor.
Care for diabetes.
Monitor your blood sugar as directed by your doctor.
Use diet, exercise, and medication to keep your blood sugar within the recommended range.
Ask your doctor for the most appropriate way for you to quit.
Take advantage of the many aids available (e.g., nicotine patches, counseling, medication), and don’t give up—each attempt brings you closer to beating the habit!