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UTHealth Houston Study Reveals Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Outcomes

Researchers emphasize the need for patient-centered management and risk stratification

UTHealth Houston Study Reveals Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Outcomes

A groundbreaking study led by researchers at UTHealth Houston Stroke Institute has shed light on the significant racial and ethnic differences in outcomes following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). The findings, published in the journal Stroke, underscore the need for better understanding of predisposing risk factors and patient-centered management to improve outcomes for all patients.

The study, conducted by a team of researchers including Andrea Becerril-Gaitan, Collins Mokua, Collin Liu, Tien Nguyen, Faris Shaker, Justin Nguyen, Aaron M. Gusdon, Robert J. Brown, Joseph Cochran, and Spiros Blackburn, retrospectively reviewed data from 882 patients with radiographically confirmed aSAH treated at UTHealth Houston from January 2009 to March 2023.

The results revealed that Hispanic patients had a higher risk of developing cerebral infarction and symptomatic vasospasm compared to White patients. Additionally, non-White patients demonstrated a lower likelihood of favorable functional outcomes at discharge.

"Our study highlights the critical need to address racial and ethnic disparities in aSAH outcomes," said lead author Andrea Becerril-Gaitan. "By identifying these differences, we can work towards developing targeted interventions and patient-centered management strategies to improve care for all patients."

The researchers emphasize that understanding the predisposing risk factors influencing aSAH outcomes is crucial for developing effective risk stratification and personalized treatment plans. This study lays the foundation for future research aimed at reducing disparities and improving overall patient outcomes.

Researchers at the Institute for Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases are committed to advancing stroke research and providing the highest quality of care for their patients. This study is a testament to their dedication to identifying and addressing health disparities, and they plan to continue to work towards ensuring equitable care for all.

The findings from this study have the potential to guide clinical decision-making and inform the development of targeted interventions to reduce disparities in aSAH outcomes. By prioritizing patient-centered management and risk stratification, healthcare providers can work towards improving the lives of all patients affected by this devastating condition.

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